Fishermen Interviews of the U.S. Commission of Fish and Fisheries, 1893-1895 | National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Fishermen Interviews of the U.S. Commission of Fish and Fisheries, 1893-1895

  • Collection DOI:
    Principal Investigator:
    William Wakeham , Richard Rathbun
  • In the late 19th century, the U.S. Fish Commission conducted numerous interviews with fishermen throughout the northeast U.S. including cod and mackerel fishermen from New York, New England and Nova Scotia. Most fishermen interviewed in the 1890s by the commission were over 50 years of age and recollected changes in the marine environment during their lifetimes. These interviews, or oral histories, are an excellent source for observations of Gulf of Maine fisheries. They provide first-hand accounts and observations of fish behavior and fishing activity on specific fishing grounds such as Stellwagen Bank. Most interviewees discuss the migratory patterns and behaviors of mackerel on the east coast. In addition, the fishermen offer descriptions of fish and catch sizes as well as theories for the decline in cod and mackerel in the 19th century. 

Interviewee Description Interviewer Date of Interview Location of Interview Affiliation Collection
John A. McKinnon

Interview with fisherman John A. McKinnon of Gloucester, MA by William Wakeham, Richard Rathbun and Hugh M. Smith of the U.S. Fish Commission. Interview contains descriptions of the mackerel fishery.

William Wakeham, Richard Rathbun , Hugh M. Smith Gloucester, MA U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, National Archives II , New England Regional National Archives Fishermen Interviews of the U.S. Commission of Fish and Fisheries, 1893-1895
George M. McClain

Interview with Captain George M. McClain of Rockport, MA by William Wakeham, Richard Rathbun and Hugh M. Smith of the U.S. Fish Commission. Interview contains descriptions of the mackerel fishery.

 

William Wakeham, Richard Rathbun , Hugh M. Smith Rockport, MA U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, National Archives II , New England Regional National Archives Fishermen Interviews of the U.S. Commission of Fish and Fisheries, 1893-1895
Ahmon Mallock

This interview with Captain Ahmon Mallock of Portland, ME took place on November 23, 1893. Members of the Joint Fisheries Commission conducted the interview in an effort to gain information on the mackerel fishery.

Unknown Portland, ME U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, National Archives II , New England Regional National Archives Fishermen Interviews of the U.S. Commission of Fish and Fisheries, 1893-1895
M.J. Keating

Interview with fisherman and dealer M.J. Keating of Port Mulgrave, N.S. near the Gut of Canso. Interview conducted by members of the U.S. Fish Commission. Contains descriptions of the mackerel fishery.

Unknown Port Mulgrave, Nova Scotia U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, National Archives II , New England Regional National Archives Fishermen Interviews of the U.S. Commission of Fish and Fisheries, 1893-1895
W.S. Jordan

Interview with W.S. Jordan & Co. of Portland, Maine, by Richard Rathbun of the U.S. Fish Commission. Interview contains descriptions of the mackerel fishery.

Richard Rathbun Portland, ME U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, National Archives II , New England Regional National Archives Fishermen Interviews of the U.S. Commission of Fish and Fisheries, 1893-1895
Sol Jacobs

Interview with Captains Sol Jacobs, John Chisholm and Joseph Smith of Gloucester, MA by William Wakeham and Richard Rathbun. Interview contains information on New England mackerel fishery.

William Wakeham, Richard Rathbun Gloucester, MA U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, National Archives II , New England Regional National Archives Fishermen Interviews of the U.S. Commission of Fish and Fisheries, 1893-1895
William J. Hudder

Date above approximate. Interview with fisherman William Hudder of Gloucester, MA by members of the U.S. Fish Commission. Interview contains descriptions of the mackerel fishery.

Unknown Gloucester, MA U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, National Archives II , New England Regional National Archives Fishermen Interviews of the U.S. Commission of Fish and Fisheries, 1893-1895
William M. Hartly

Interview with fisherman William M. Hartly of Gloucester, MA by William Wakeham, Richard Rathbun and Hugh M. Smith of the U.S. Fish Commission. Interview contains descriptions of the mackerel fishery.

William Wakeham, Richard Rathbun , Hugh M. Smith Gloucester, MA U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, National Archives II , New England Regional National Archives Fishermen Interviews of the U.S. Commission of Fish and Fisheries, 1893-1895
William H. Greenleaf

Interview with fisherman William H. Greenleaf of Gloucester, MA by William Wakeham, Richard Rathbun and Hugh M. Smith of the U.S. Fish Commission. Interview contains descriptions of the mackerel fishery.

William Wakeham, Richard Rathbun , Hugh M. Smith Gloucester, MA U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, National Archives II , New England Regional National Archives Fishermen Interviews of the U.S. Commission of Fish and Fisheries, 1893-1895
Joseph Graham

Interview with fisherman Joseph Graham of Gloucester, MA by William Wakeham and Hugh M. Smith of the U.S. Fish Commission. Interview contains descriptions of the mackerel fishery.

William Wakeham, Hugh M. Smith Gloucester, MA U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, National Archives II , New England Regional National Archives Fishermen Interviews of the U.S. Commission of Fish and Fisheries, 1893-1895

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