Fishermen Interviews of the U.S. Commission of Fish and Fisheries, 1893-1895 | National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Fishermen Interviews of the U.S. Commission of Fish and Fisheries, 1893-1895

  • Collection DOI:
    Principal Investigator:
    William Wakeham , Richard Rathbun
  • In the late 19th century, the U.S. Fish Commission conducted numerous interviews with fishermen throughout the northeast U.S. including cod and mackerel fishermen from New York, New England and Nova Scotia. Most fishermen interviewed in the 1890s by the commission were over 50 years of age and recollected changes in the marine environment during their lifetimes. These interviews, or oral histories, are an excellent source for observations of Gulf of Maine fisheries. They provide first-hand accounts and observations of fish behavior and fishing activity on specific fishing grounds such as Stellwagen Bank. Most interviewees discuss the migratory patterns and behaviors of mackerel on the east coast. In addition, the fishermen offer descriptions of fish and catch sizes as well as theories for the decline in cod and mackerel in the 19th century. 

Interviewee Collection Sort descending Description Interviewer Date of Interview Location of Interview Affiliation
Joseph Graham Fishermen Interviews of the U.S. Commission of Fish and Fisheries, 1893-1895

Interview with fisherman Joseph Graham of Gloucester, MA by William Wakeham and Hugh M. Smith of the U.S. Fish Commission. Interview contains descriptions of the mackerel fishery.

William Wakeham, Hugh M. Smith Gloucester, MA U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, National Archives II , New England Regional National Archives
Benjamin Payson Fishermen Interviews of the U.S. Commission of Fish and Fisheries, 1893-1895

This interview with Captain Benjamin Payson of Gloucester, MA took place on November 16, 1893. William Wakeham and Hugh M. Smith conducted the interview in an effort to gain information on the mackerel fishery. At the time of the interview, Payson had 40 years of experience and was captain of the vessel S.F. Macker out of Gloucester, MA.

William Wakeham, Hugh M. Smith Gloucester, MA U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, National Archives II , New England Regional National Archives
William H. Greenleaf Fishermen Interviews of the U.S. Commission of Fish and Fisheries, 1893-1895

Interview with fisherman William H. Greenleaf of Gloucester, MA by William Wakeham, Richard Rathbun and Hugh M. Smith of the U.S. Fish Commission. Interview contains descriptions of the mackerel fishery.

William Wakeham, Richard Rathbun , Hugh M. Smith Gloucester, MA U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, National Archives II , New England Regional National Archives
John J. Pentacost Fishermen Interviews of the U.S. Commission of Fish and Fisheries, 1893-1895

Interview with fisherman John J. Pentacost of Gloucester, MA by William Wakeham and Hugh M. Smith of the U.S. Fish Commission. Interview contains descriptions of the mackerel fishery.

William Wakeham, Hugh M. Smith East Gloucester, MA U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, National Archives II , New England Regional National Archives
William M. Hartly Fishermen Interviews of the U.S. Commission of Fish and Fisheries, 1893-1895

Interview with fisherman William M. Hartly of Gloucester, MA by William Wakeham, Richard Rathbun and Hugh M. Smith of the U.S. Fish Commission. Interview contains descriptions of the mackerel fishery.

William Wakeham, Richard Rathbun , Hugh M. Smith Gloucester, MA U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, National Archives II , New England Regional National Archives
Charles H. Pew Fishermen Interviews of the U.S. Commission of Fish and Fisheries, 1893-1895

Charles H. Pew of the firm John Pew & Sons in Gloucester, MA was interviewed by William Wakeham, Richard Rathbun and Hugh M. Smith of the U.S. Fish Commission. Interview contains descriptions of gear types, technology and the mackerel fishery,

William Wakeham, Richard Rathbun , Hugh M. Smith Gloucester, MA U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, National Archives II , New England Regional National Archives
William J. Hudder Fishermen Interviews of the U.S. Commission of Fish and Fisheries, 1893-1895

Date above approximate. Interview with fisherman William Hudder of Gloucester, MA by members of the U.S. Fish Commission. Interview contains descriptions of the mackerel fishery.

Unknown Gloucester, MA U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, National Archives II , New England Regional National Archives
W.G. Pool Fishermen Interviews of the U.S. Commission of Fish and Fisheries, 1893-1895

Interview with fisherman W.G. Pool of Gloucester, MA by members of the U.S. Fish Commission. Interview contains descriptions of the mackerel fishery.

Unknown Gloucester, MA U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, National Archives II , New England Regional National Archives
Sol Jacobs Fishermen Interviews of the U.S. Commission of Fish and Fisheries, 1893-1895

Interview with Captains Sol Jacobs, John Chisholm and Joseph Smith of Gloucester, MA by William Wakeham and Richard Rathbun. Interview contains information on New England mackerel fishery.

William Wakeham, Richard Rathbun Gloucester, MA U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, National Archives II , New England Regional National Archives
Solomon A. Rowe Fishermen Interviews of the U.S. Commission of Fish and Fisheries, 1893-1895

Interview with fisherman Solomon A. Rowe of Gloucester, MA by William Wakeham, Richard Rathbun and Hugh M. Smith of the U.S. Fish Commission. Interview contains descriptions of the mackerel fishery.

William Wakeham, Richard Rathbun , Hugh M. Smith Gloucester, MA U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, National Archives II , New England Regional National Archives