Cumulative Effects in New Jersey Fisheries | National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Cumulative Effects in New Jersey Fisheries

  • Collection DOI:
    Principal Investigator:
    Bonnie McCay, Kevin St. Martin, Grant Murray
  • The "Cumulative Effects and New Jersey Fisheries" Project was funded by the New Jersey Sea Grant College Program, New Jersey Marine Sciences Consortium. Dr. Bonnie McCay and Dr. Kevin St. Martin of Rutgers University were the principal investigators of this project and interviews were conducted primarily by Dr. Grant Murray (now at Vancouver Island University) and Mike Danko (New Jersey Sea Grant College Program, New Jersey Marine Sciences Consortium). These interviews had 2 principal goals: 1) to document the cumulative effects of regulatory change on the people, businesses and communities most directly dependent on New Jersey's fisheries; and 2) to create a history of New Jersey's commercial and recreational fisheries through the oral histories of people involved in them. Identifying information has been stripped from these interviews in order to preserve anonymity. Thanks to the 44 fish harvesters that participated in oral history interviews.

Interviewee Description Interviewer Date of Interview Location of Interview Affiliation Collection
Anonymous, #4

Individual is a semi-retired commercial fisherman in his late 60s at the time of the interview. He was born in Norway and immigrated to the United States at the age of 12. He originally moved to New Bedford, where he fished for nearly 20 years before he began fishing in Cape May in 1976, where he started operating an 88 foot 'eastern rig' vessel, one of 3 or 4 full time scallopers in Cape May at that point. After a couple of years he built his own boat and fished out of Cape May until the early 1990's (around 1991) when he gradually moved out of fishing, serving as an owner until 1999.

Grant Murray, Mike Danko Cape May, NJ Rutgers University Cumulative Effects in New Jersey Fisheries
Anonymous, #1

Individual is a male in his mid seventies at the time of the interview. He was born in Sweden , and began fishing at the age of 14 for herring, mackerel, cod, pollock, and haddock around the early 1940's in Sweden. In the mid 1950's he moved to the United States, a move he attributes to seeing too many Westerns (and hearing that America was a place of freedom, and that he wanted to escape regulations in Sweden). Upon arriving he was immediately offered a position on a fishing boat through a family friend and moved down to Cape May.

Grant Murray, Mike Danko Cape May, NJ Rutgers University Cumulative Effects in New Jersey Fisheries
Anonymous, #14

At the time of the interview the individual was in his early 60s and working as a commercial fisher fishing out of Barnegat Light, New Jersey. He started fishing before the age of 10, and was mating by 14. He has been an owner/operator since the early 1970's. For 10 years (1989-1990) years he moved to Florida but continued coming back and forth and fish New Jersey waters because some species had declined (like codfish). He began in a mixed gill net fishery, fishing primarily blues, weakfish, and stripers. Started monk fishing around 1990 and has recently started fishing corakers.

Grant Murray, Mike Danko Barnegat Light, NJ Rutgers University Cumulative Effects in New Jersey Fisheries
Anonymous, #17

At the time of the interview the individual was a 65 year old male semi-retired individual fishing out of Point Pleasant, New Jersey. Previously he has been engaged in a number of different fisheries, surf and hard clams, cod, mixed-species gill nets, scallops and mixed-species dragger fishing. Interview provides a fair amount of detail about the clam fishery in the 1950's and 1960's. Throughout the 1990's he has been engaged in the relay clam fishery, and recently has gotten back into fishing after his son was injured (while fishing).

Grant Murray, Mike Danko Point Pleasant, NJ Rutgers University Cumulative Effects in New Jersey Fisheries
Anonymous, #22

At the time of the interview the individual was a 58 year old male commercial fisher fishing out of Cape May, New Jersey. He comes from a family of fisherman originally from Norway. He has participated in the dragger fishery (mixed species) and the scallop fishery.

Grant Murray, Mike Danko Cape May, NJ Rutgers University Cumulative Effects in New Jersey Fisheries
Anonymous, #11

Individual was in his early 50s at the time of the interview. He has fished most of his life out of Cape May, New Jersey where his father was a fisherman before him (his family has been in fishing for several generations). He began as a small boat inshore fisherman, but later became a large vessel pelagic (mackerel and squid primarily) seine fisherman.

Grant Murray, Mike Danko Cape May, NJ Rutgers University Cumulative Effects in New Jersey Fisheries
Anonymous, #16

At the time of the interview was a 41 year old commercial fisher fishing out of Barnegat Light, New Jersey. (where his father is a charter fisherman). He is primarily a pelagic and bottom long-liner but has gill-netted and scalloped. In the 90's was an owner/operator, but is now is the owner of two vessels (and sometimes an operator). One of these vessels is a long-liner and the other is a day scalloper.

Grant Murray, Mike Danko Barnegat Light, NJ Rutgers University Cumulative Effects in New Jersey Fisheries
Anonymous, #9

Individual was a commercial fisherman in his early 40s fishing out of Barnegat Light, New Jersey. He is an inshore, mixed species gill net fisherman who has been relatively active in fisheries management.

Grant Murray, Mike Danko Barnegat Light, NJ Rutgers University Cumulative Effects in New Jersey Fisheries
Anonymous, #15

Individual was a 46 year old (at the time of the interview) male fishing out of Barnegat Light, New Jersey. He started off with his father started as a charter captain, then moved into the tilefish fishery, then on into pelagic longlining (swordfish and tuna). More recently he moved into the scallop fishery.

Grant Murray, Mike Danko Barnegat Light, NJ Rutgers University Cumulative Effects in New Jersey Fisheries
Anonymous, #18

At the time of the interview individual was a 42 year old owner/operator fishing out of Point Pleasant, New Jersey. Respondent did not come from a fishing family but began fishing at a young age (10) and has been an inshore, multi-species gill-netter fishing out of Point Pleasant for his entire professional career. He has also done some long-lining and other types of fishing when not gill netting. A friend, and former commercial fisherman of the respondent also participated in the interview. The respondent¿s wife participated in the second half of the interview.

Grant Murray, Mike Danko Point Pleasant, NJ Rutgers University Cumulative Effects in New Jersey Fisheries