Gary Hatch

Location of Interview
Collection Name

Maine Coast Oral History Initiative


Through the support of the Maine Humanities Council and the Island Institute, the Maine Coast Fishermen's Association was able to collect hours of oral histories from fishermen throughout Maine.

Date of Interview

Fantastic Transcripts

Principal Investigator

Gary Hatch, a lifelong resident of Owls Head, Maine, comes from a lineage of fishermen. His formative years were spent learning the intricacies of lobster and flounder fishing, a tradition within his family. Hatch's career in fishing expanded when he was introduced to seining by an older fisherman, a method that deepened his connection to the sea. His affinity for the coastal environment was not only a source of livelihood but also a passion that led him to explore the shorelines and waters of Maine. Over the years, Hatch witnessed and adapted to the evolving practices and technologies within the fishing industry, including the transition from stop-seining to purse-seining and the introduction of midwater trawling. His experiences encompass working on various fishing vessels, from small boats to large European-style seiners. Hatch's tenure in the industry has provided him with a wealth of knowledge about the challenges faced by independent fishermen, the impact of environmental changes on fish populations, and the complexities of fishery management.

Scope and Content Note:
The interview with Gary Hatch offers a comprehensive overview of his experiences in the fishing industry, focusing on the evolution of fishing practices and the challenges faced by fishermen in the Gulf of Maine. Hatch discusses the history of seining, the decline of the herring industry in the 1960s, and his personal transition to scalloping. He provides insight into the impact of technological advancements, such as midwater trawling, on traditional fishing methods and the environment. Hatch addresses the challenges posed by environmental groups, the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), and the implementation of closed areas and management regimes that affect the scallop fishery. He reflects on the variability of fish populations, the influence of environmental changes on habitats, and the competition from larger corporations. The interview also touches on the political and economic aspects of the industry, including the role of unions, the introduction of limited access permits, and the effects of the Hague Line decision on fishing grounds. Hatch's narrative concludes with a discussion on the need for better management and conservation efforts to protect fish nursery grounds and ensure the sustainability of the fishing industry. His account aims to provide a deeper understanding of the complexities and dynamics within the fishing community.

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