Alexander E. “Sandy” MacDonald

Alexander E. “Sandy” MacDonald image
Location of Interview
Collection Name

The Research and Development Behind the 1988-1999 Modernization of NOAA's National Weather Service


These oral histories will preserve the memories, achievements, and lessons learned, of active and retired experts and leaders whose work contributed greatly to the modernization and restructuring of NOAA’s National  Weather Service.

Date of Interview
Biographical Sketch

Oral history interview with Alexander E. “Sandy” MacDonald, NOAA Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research, former Director, Forecast Systems Laboratory  
Interview conducted: October 2010  
Run time: 50:28    
Topics: PROFS, AWIPS, NWS Modernization R&D    



Please Note: The oral histories in this collection are protected by copyright and have been created for educational, research and personal use as described by the Fair Use Doctrine in the U.S. Copyright law. Please reach out to let us know how these interviews are being used in your research, project, exhibit, etc.  The Voices staff can help provide other useful resources related to your inquiry. 

The NOAA mission is to understand and predict changes in climate, weather, oceans, and coasts, to share that knowledge and information with others, and to conserve and manage coastal and marine ecosystems and resources. The Voices Oral History Archives offers public access to a wide range of accounts, including historical materials that are products of their particular times, and may contain offensive language or negative stereotypes.

Voices Oral History Archives does not verify the accuracy of materials submitted to us. The opinions expressed in the interviews are those of the interviewee only. The interviews here have been made available to the public only after the interviewer has confirmed that they have obtained consent.